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El Tartessos de Schulten: La conquista de la ciudad perdida (2012) HD online

El Tartessos de Schulten: La conquista de la ciudad perdida (2012) HD online
Language: English
Category: Movie / Documentary
Original Title: El Tartessos de Schulten: La conquista de la ciudad perdida
Director: Antonio Lobo
Writers: José Antonio Hergueta,Antonio Lobo
Released: 2012
Budget: €350,000
Duration: 1h 7min
Video type: Movie
Tartessos is one of the most interesting cultures of Ancient times as well as a landmark in the History of Andalusia and the Mediterranean Sea. The mysterious atmosphere that surrounds Tartessos is due to German historian Adolf Schulten. Influenced by Schliemann's success in finding Troy, and his own findings in the Spanish city of Numantia, Schulten set up a myth around Tartessos and some of the ideas still persisting in Spanish nationality. He imagined an ideal civilization in the Andalusian Atlantic coastline, between East and West, the first city-state inhabited by peaceful, long-living people, with great culture, and ability for navigation, a set up mixing the Greek Atlantida and the American Eldorado. Apart from researching Schulten's life and work, this documentary contrasts that myth of Tartessos with the present knowledge, and proposes a reflection on the use of Archaeology and History during the 20th century to built national identities in Europe.
Cast overview:
Mercedes Bernal Mercedes Bernal - Narration
Michael Blech Michael Blech - Himself
Fernando Wulff Fernando Wulff - Himself
María Eugenia Rodríguez Tajuelo María Eugenia Rodríguez Tajuelo - Herself
Sebastián Celestino Sebastián Celestino - Himself
Jordi Cortadella Jordi Cortadella - Himself
José María Fullola Pericot José María Fullola Pericot - Himself (as José Maria Fullola)
Alvaro Fernández Flores Alvaro Fernández Flores - Himself (as Alvaro Fernandez Flores)
Jorge Maier Allende Jorge Maier Allende - Himself
Juan Campos Carrasco Juan Campos Carrasco - Himself (as Juan Campos)
José María Blázquez José María Blázquez - Himself (as Jose Maria Blázquez)

Adolf Schulten obsession with Spain remained a mystery. Why this German historian spent most of his life in Spain, studying, publishing and, eventually, on site excavation of archaeological sites. As other pioneers of Archaeology in early 20th century, Schulten expected to find his own private Troy in Spain: Tartessos was the myth where he placed the origin of Western Civilization, even before Greece, to be placed in South Spain. The last expert interviewed in the film, José María Blázquez, explains some details of Schulten's private life and thinking, and in particular questions about the fact of Schulten as a young student traveling to Spain as some sort of "call", not having any particular knowledge about the destination of his longings.

Obsessed with his discovery of Tartessos, Schulten took many non-ethical or professional decisions, such as erasing any name of other historians or scientists in his own articles or reports. First he pretended having discovered the site of Numancia in the very first day of excavation (this archaeological site being a Spanish landmark from Ancient times) and later failed to find Tartessos remnants at Doñana National Park. But this did not refrain him from writing a book about the "discovery" that would become a best-seller, even if published a year before the archaeological campaigns.

Even if critical with Schulten's methods and the official support that he got from Franco's government (Schulten's ideas became official in school books and universities during the four decades of Spanish dictatorship) most experts in the film tend to understand Schulten as a "man of his time", and justify his way of thinking as a sample of the spirit of the 1920s, a blend of nationalism, longing for lost paradises and search of chimeric kingdoms to be the origin of Western civilization.

After producing this film, the same team has approached one of the characters depicted: Jorge Bonsor in a new film: El Gran Tour de Jorge Bonsor (2017) specifically focused on this pioneer of Archaeology that shared with Schulten the passion and campaigns in South Spain. The new film does not mention the search of Tartessos, but other sites that Bonsor excavated and prepared for visits and public knowledge.